Memorandum on Experiences With the War Manpower Commission, as Reported by FEPC Regional Directors

To: Mr. Will Maslow

From: Clarence M. Mitchell

Subject: Experiences with WMC, as Reported by FEPC Regional Directors

The following is a brief digest of the working relationships between the War Manpower Commission and the Regional Directors of FEPC as reported in our conference on Thursday, February 10, 1944. Regional Directors were requested to report on the following items.1

  1. Do you have access to ES 270 Reports?
  2. Do you receive ES 510 Reports?
  3. Has the WMC appointed a Liaison Officer?
  4. Has WMC sent out a special Regional Instruction on the national Operating Agreement between FEPC and WMC?
  5. Is there general cooperation from WMC?

For the sake of clarity, I include the information that ES 270 Reports are statistical and narrative reports on projected labor requirements of specific plants, as well as information on current numbers of persons employed. The ES 510 is a form which the USES uses to indicate that it has received a discriminatory order from an employer. It is a docketable complaint under FEPC field instructions. 

Mr. Edward Lawson, Acting Regional Director of Region I (the New England states) and Director of Region II (New York State), reported complete cooperation from the War Manpower Commission on all counts. He has full access to ES 270 Reports, receives ES 510 Reports regularly, and there are two WMC Liaison Officers. In addition, Mrs. Anna Rosenberg, Regional Director in II for WMC has sent out a model operating instruction, and Mr. Joseph Smith, WMC Region I Director, has sent out a slightly less effective one.

Mr. G. James Fleming, Director of Region III (Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware), reported that he has access to the ES 270 Reports. So far, he has received ES 510 Reports from Philadelphia only, as WMC officials in Delaware and New Jersey are reluctant to submit ES 510’s. A good relationship exists between Mr. Fleming and the Regional WMC Director. A special operating instruction has been sent out and a liaison representative has been appointed. 

Mr. Frank E. Hook, Director of Region IV (The District of Columbia, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, and North Carolina) is denied access to ES 270 Reports by Mr. Henry Triede, Regional Director of WMC. The WMC has not sent any ES 510 Reports to FEPC. The National WMC instruction on the operating agreement has not been sent to the local WMC offices in Region IV, nor has any special instruction been sent out on the National FEPC-WMC Agreement. There is a Liaison Officer between FEPC and WMC who cooperates so far as he can within the limitations prescribed by Mr. Triede. Mr. Hook reported that some WMC offices cooperate at the local level.

Mr. William T. McKnight, Director of Region V (Michigan, Ohio, and Kentucky) reported that he has access to ES 270 Reports and that, in the last four months, he has received 160 ES 510’s from the WMC. The WMC has appointed liaison representatives in his region and special operating instructions have been sent out by the Regional Director of WMC. 

Mr. Elmer W. Henderson, Director of Region VI (Illinois, Indiana, and Wisconsin) reported good cooperation from WMC. He stated that a special instruction has been sent out to state directors by Mr. William H. Spencer, Director of WMC. Liaison duties are handled by the Director of Manpower Utilization in Region VI. In Wisconsin, the Deputy State Director of WMC serves as Liaison Officer. Mr. Henderson stated that he does not receive many 510 Reports in his region. In his capacity of Acting Director of Region VIII, Mr. Henderson reported he has very few cases in this region (comprising the states of Minnesota, Iowa, the Dakotas, and Nebraska) but his relationships with WMC are good there.

Mr. A. Bruce Hunt, Director of Region VII (South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, and Tennessee) reported that the majority of local USES offices in the region appear to be unaware of the FEPC. He stated that he has access to ES 270 information, but has not received any ES 510’s as yet. However, he believes they will be forthcoming later. The national operating instruction of WMC has been sent out with other special directions. A Liaison Officer has been appointed. Mr. Hunt said that he has a good working relationship with the Deputy Regional Director of WMC. 

Mr. Roy A. Hoglund, Director of Region IX (Missouri, Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Kansas), reported that he gets ES 270 information at the Regional level. In St. Louis, he stated, he can obtain the information he requests on them although he is not permitted to see the actual report. A Liaison Officer has been appointed, but no ES 510 Reports come in. Mr. Hoglund made no report on Region XI (Montana, Idaho, Utah, Wyoming, and Colorado) where he is Acting Regional Director. 

Mr. Leonard M. Brin, Director of Region X (Louisiana, Texas, and New Mexico), reported that WMC has sent out a weak operating instruction. WMC has appointed a Liaison Officer, but he (Mr. Brin) has received only three ES 510’s. The WMC has sent in one Form 42, reporting discriminatory training practices.

Mr. Harry L Kingman, Director of Region XII (California, Arizona, Nevada, Washington, and Oregon) reports an increasingly good working relationship with the WMC. Several Liaison Officers have been appointed and special operating instructions sent out. The San Francisco area is getting a good number of 510’s, and conferences to be held in other parts of the region are likely to result in an increasing flow of 510’s. Access to ES 270’s is satisfactory. WMC sanctions will occasionally be forthcoming on FEPC request.

MS: copy, LH, HqR3 Office Files of George M. Johnson, M.

  1. On the first FEPC regional directors meeting, held 2/10-2/12/44, see report of 2/17/44. For the background to this text, see head notes on FEPC Relationships with Federal Agencies, WMC and USES.